Fueled by the massive success of the iconic Beetle, Volkswagen capital a roomier car based on the aforementioned belvedere and they came up with the Type 4.
Also accepted as the 411, it entered assembly in 1968 as a two-door and a auto (which was the aboriginal four-door VW), featuring absolute abeyance and a rear-mounted flat-four engine.
The boxer assemblage had accompanying carburetors and a accommodation of 1,679 cc, authoritative 76 HP at 5,000 rpm and 93 lb-ft (126 Nm) of torque at 3,300 rpm. It came commutual to a four-speed chiral or a three-speed automated transmission.
Other highlights of the Type 4/411, which was marketed as “The big one from Wolfsburg”, included the draft-free air circulation, thermostat-controlled abetting calefaction system, six-way adjustable advanced seats and advanced and rear crumple zones, as able-bodied as collapsible council cavalcade and council caster with bedlam spokes that bigger safety.
Despite administration its roots with the Beetle, it didn’t absolutely bolt on, with aloof 20,000 units awash in the aboriginal year and 48,000 in 1969. VW broadcast the calendar with a three-door wagon, but that didn’t advice either.
Not beat by the poor sales numbers compared to the Bug, the German automaker again launched the Type 4/411 in the United States in 1971 and facelifted it the afterward year. The revamped model, called the 412, acquired a higher-output agent in 1973, while assembly concluded altogether in 1974, with the car clumsy to canyon the 80,000-unit mark.
While the Type 4 never acquired traction, the K70, which is the ancestor of the Passat, did. It came out in 1970 as allotment of the brand’s new era of water-cooled, front-engined cars and was produced in the hundreds of thousands.